Phoenix Park

Dublin 8

Phoenix Park
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About Phoenix Park

Phoenix Park in Dublin 8.

Phoenix Park is one of the largest City Parks in Europe. Its 16km perimeter wall encloses 707 hectares (1,750 acres). It includes large areas of grassland and tree-lined avenues, and since the 17th century has been home to a herd of wild Fallow deer.

After the Normans conquered Dublin and its hinterland in the 12th century Hugh Tyrell, 1st Baron of Castleknock, granted a large area of land, including what now comprises the Phoenix Park, to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. They established an abbey at Kilmainham on the site now occupied by Royal Hospital Kilmainham. The knights lost their lands when Henry VIII confiscated monastic properties in 1537 and eighty years later the lands once more reverted to the ownership of the King's representatives in Ireland. On the restoration of Charles II, his Viceroy in Dublin, Lord Ormonde established a Royal Hunting Park in 1662 which contained pheasants and wild deer, therefore it was necessary to enclose the entire area with a wall. It was opened to the people of Dublin by Lord Chesterfield in 1745.

Today, the park houses Áras an Uachtaráin, Dublin Zoo and the US Ambassador's Residence.

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